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C语言实现MD5加密

MD5简介

MD5即Message-Digest Algorithm 5(信息-摘要算法)。

属于摘要算法,是一个不可逆过程,就是无论多大数据,经过算法运算后都是生成固定长度的数据,结果使用16进制进行显示的128bit的二进制串。通常表示为32个十六进制数连成的字符串。

MD5有什么用?

用于确保信息传输完整一致。是计算机广泛使用的杂凑算法之一(又译摘要算法、哈希算法),主流编程语言普遍已有MD5实现。
更多用在文档校验上,用来生成密钥检测文档是否被篡改。

C语言实现

  • md5.h头文件
#ifndef MD5_H 
#define MD5_H 

typedef struct { 
   unsigned int count[2]; 
   unsigned int state[4]; 
   unsigned char buffer[64]; 
}MD5_CTX; 

#define F(x,y,z) ((x & y) | (~x & z)) 
#define G(x,y,z) ((x & z) | (y & ~z)) 
#define H(x,y,z) (x^y^z) 
#define I(x,y,z) (y ^ (x | ~z)) 
#define ROTATE_LEFT(x,n) ((x << n) | (x >> (32-n))) 
#define FF(a,b,c,d,x,s,ac) \ { \ a += F(b,c,d) + x + ac; \ a = ROTATE_LEFT(a,s); \ a += b; \ } 
#define GG(a,b,c,d,x,s,ac) \ { \ a += G(b,c,d) + x + ac; \ a = ROTATE_LEFT(a,s); \ a += b; \ } 
#define HH(a,b,c,d,x,s,ac) \ { \ a += H(b,c,d) + x + ac; \ a = ROTATE_LEFT(a,s); \ a += b; \ } 
#define II(a,b,c,d,x,s,ac) \ { \ a += I(b,c,d) + x + ac; \ a = ROTATE_LEFT(a,s); \ a += b; \ }  

void MD5Init(MD5_CTX *context); 
void MD5Update(MD5_CTX *context,unsigned char *input,unsigned int inputlen); 
void MD5Final(MD5_CTX *context,unsigned char digest[16]); 
void MD5Transform(unsigned int state[4],unsigned char block[64]); 
void MD5Encode(unsigned char *output,unsigned int *input,unsigned int len); 
void MD5Decode(unsigned int *output,unsigned char *input,unsigned int len); 

#endif
  • md5.c实现
#include <memory.h>
#include "md5.h"

unsigned char PADDING[]={0x80,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,
0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,
0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,
0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0};

void MD5Init(MD5_CTX *context)
{
context->count[0] = 0;
context->count[1] = 0;
context->state[0] = 0x67452301;
context->state[1] = 0xEFCDAB89;
context->state[2] = 0x98BADCFE;
context->state[3] = 0x10325476;
}
void MD5Update(MD5_CTX *context,unsigned char *input,unsigned int inputlen)
{
unsigned int i = 0,index = 0,partlen = 0;
index = (context->count[0] >> 3) & 0x3F;
partlen = 64 - index;
context->count[0] += inputlen << 3;
if(context->count[0] < (inputlen << 3))
context->count[1]++;
context->count[1] += inputlen >> 29;

if(inputlen >= partlen)
{
memcpy(&context->buffer[index],input,partlen);
MD5Transform(context->state,context->buffer);
for(i = partlen;i+64 <= inputlen;i+=64)
MD5Transform(context->state,&input[i]);
index = 0; 
} 
else
{
i = 0;
}
memcpy(&context->buffer[index],&input[i],inputlen-i);
}
void MD5Final(MD5_CTX *context,unsigned char digest[16])
{
unsigned int index = 0,padlen = 0;
unsigned char bits[8];
index = (context->count[0] >> 3) & 0x3F;
padlen = (index < 56)?(56-index):(120-index);
MD5Encode(bits,context->count,8);
MD5Update(context,PADDING,padlen);
MD5Update(context,bits,8);
MD5Encode(digest,context->state,16);
}
void MD5Encode(unsigned char *output,unsigned int *input,unsigned int len)
{
unsigned int i = 0,j = 0;
while(j < len)
{
output[j] = input[i] & 0xFF; 
output[j+1] = (input[i] >> 8) & 0xFF;
output[j+2] = (input[i] >> 16) & 0xFF;
output[j+3] = (input[i] >> 24) & 0xFF;
i++;
j+=4;
}
}
void MD5Decode(unsigned int *output,unsigned char *input,unsigned int len)
{
unsigned int i = 0,j = 0;
while(j < len)
{
output[i] = (input[j]) |
(input[j+1] << 8) |
(input[j+2] << 16) |
(input[j+3] << 24);
i++;
j+=4; 
}
}
void MD5Transform(unsigned int state[4],unsigned char block[64])
{
unsigned int a = state[0];
unsigned int b = state[1];
unsigned int c = state[2];
unsigned int d = state[3];
unsigned int x[64];
MD5Decode(x,block,64);
FF(a, b, c, d, x[ 0], 7, 0xd76aa478); /* 1 */
FF(d, a, b, c, x[ 1], 12, 0xe8c7b756); /* 2 */
FF(c, d, a, b, x[ 2], 17, 0x242070db); /* 3 */
FF(b, c, d, a, x[ 3], 22, 0xc1bdceee); /* 4 */
FF(a, b, c, d, x[ 4], 7, 0xf57c0faf); /* 5 */
FF(d, a, b, c, x[ 5], 12, 0x4787c62a); /* 6 */
FF(c, d, a, b, x[ 6], 17, 0xa8304613); /* 7 */
FF(b, c, d, a, x[ 7], 22, 0xfd469501); /* 8 */
FF(a, b, c, d, x[ 8], 7, 0x698098d8); /* 9 */
FF(d, a, b, c, x[ 9], 12, 0x8b44f7af); /* 10 */
FF(c, d, a, b, x[10], 17, 0xffff5bb1); /* 11 */
FF(b, c, d, a, x[11], 22, 0x895cd7be); /* 12 */
FF(a, b, c, d, x[12], 7, 0x6b901122); /* 13 */
FF(d, a, b, c, x[13], 12, 0xfd987193); /* 14 */
FF(c, d, a, b, x[14], 17, 0xa679438e); /* 15 */
FF(b, c, d, a, x[15], 22, 0x49b40821); /* 16 */

/* Round 2 */
GG(a, b, c, d, x[ 1], 5, 0xf61e2562); /* 17 */
GG(d, a, b, c, x[ 6], 9, 0xc040b340); /* 18 */
GG(c, d, a, b, x[11], 14, 0x265e5a51); /* 19 */
GG(b, c, d, a, x[ 0], 20, 0xe9b6c7aa); /* 20 */
GG(a, b, c, d, x[ 5], 5, 0xd62f105d); /* 21 */
GG(d, a, b, c, x[10], 9, 0x2441453); /* 22 */
GG(c, d, a, b, x[15], 14, 0xd8a1e681); /* 23 */
GG(b, c, d, a, x[ 4], 20, 0xe7d3fbc8); /* 24 */
GG(a, b, c, d, x[ 9], 5, 0x21e1cde6); /* 25 */
GG(d, a, b, c, x[14], 9, 0xc33707d6); /* 26 */
GG(c, d, a, b, x[ 3], 14, 0xf4d50d87); /* 27 */
GG(b, c, d, a, x[ 8], 20, 0x455a14ed); /* 28 */
GG(a, b, c, d, x[13], 5, 0xa9e3e905); /* 29 */
GG(d, a, b, c, x[ 2], 9, 0xfcefa3f8); /* 30 */
GG(c, d, a, b, x[ 7], 14, 0x676f02d9); /* 31 */
GG(b, c, d, a, x[12], 20, 0x8d2a4c8a); /* 32 */

/* Round 3 */
HH(a, b, c, d, x[ 5], 4, 0xfffa3942); /* 33 */
HH(d, a, b, c, x[ 8], 11, 0x8771f681); /* 34 */
HH(c, d, a, b, x[11], 16, 0x6d9d6122); /* 35 */
HH(b, c, d, a, x[14], 23, 0xfde5380c); /* 36 */
HH(a, b, c, d, x[ 1], 4, 0xa4beea44); /* 37 */
HH(d, a, b, c, x[ 4], 11, 0x4bdecfa9); /* 38 */
HH(c, d, a, b, x[ 7], 16, 0xf6bb4b60); /* 39 */
HH(b, c, d, a, x[10], 23, 0xbebfbc70); /* 40 */
HH(a, b, c, d, x[13], 4, 0x289b7ec6); /* 41 */
HH(d, a, b, c, x[ 0], 11, 0xeaa127fa); /* 42 */
HH(c, d, a, b, x[ 3], 16, 0xd4ef3085); /* 43 */
HH(b, c, d, a, x[ 6], 23, 0x4881d05); /* 44 */
HH(a, b, c, d, x[ 9], 4, 0xd9d4d039); /* 45 */
HH(d, a, b, c, x[12], 11, 0xe6db99e5); /* 46 */
HH(c, d, a, b, x[15], 16, 0x1fa27cf8); /* 47 */
HH(b, c, d, a, x[ 2], 23, 0xc4ac5665); /* 48 */

/* Round 4 */
II(a, b, c, d, x[ 0], 6, 0xf4292244); /* 49 */
II(d, a, b, c, x[ 7], 10, 0x432aff97); /* 50 */
II(c, d, a, b, x[14], 15, 0xab9423a7); /* 51 */
II(b, c, d, a, x[ 5], 21, 0xfc93a039); /* 52 */
II(a, b, c, d, x[12], 6, 0x655b59c3); /* 53 */
II(d, a, b, c, x[ 3], 10, 0x8f0ccc92); /* 54 */
II(c, d, a, b, x[10], 15, 0xffeff47d); /* 55 */
II(b, c, d, a, x[ 1], 21, 0x85845dd1); /* 56 */
II(a, b, c, d, x[ 8], 6, 0x6fa87e4f); /* 57 */
II(d, a, b, c, x[15], 10, 0xfe2ce6e0); /* 58 */
II(c, d, a, b, x[ 6], 15, 0xa3014314); /* 59 */
II(b, c, d, a, x[13], 21, 0x4e0811a1); /* 60 */
II(a, b, c, d, x[ 4], 6, 0xf7537e82); /* 61 */
II(d, a, b, c, x[11], 10, 0xbd3af235); /* 62 */
II(c, d, a, b, x[ 2], 15, 0x2ad7d2bb); /* 63 */
II(b, c, d, a, x[ 9], 21, 0xeb86d391); /* 64 */
state[0] += a;
state[1] += b;
state[2] += c;
state[3] += d;
}
  • 实现字符串加密调用
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include "md5.h"
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <string.h>
 
void main( void ) 
{ 
 int read_len;
 int i ;
 char temp[8]={0};
 unsigned char digest[16]; //存放结果 
 char hexbuf[128]="12334567";
 unsigned char decrypt[16]={0}; 
 unsigned char decrypt32[64]={0}; 
 
 MD5_CTX md5c; 
 
 MD5Init(&md5c); //初始化
 read_len = strlen(hexbuf);
 MD5Update(&md5c,(unsigned char *)hexbuf,read_len); 
 
 MD5Final(&md5c,decrypt); 
 strcpy((char *)decrypt32,"");
 
 for(i=0;i<16;i++)
 {
 sprintf(temp,"%02x",decrypt[i]);
 strcat((char *)decrypt32,temp);
 }
 printf("md5:%s\n",decrypt32);
 
 return;
}

 

 

 

 

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