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JS实现MD5加密

MD5信息摘要算法(英语:MD5 Message-Digest Algorithm),是一种常用的密码散列函数,一般常用检测文件、传输信息的完整性。MD5是由美国密码学家罗纳德·李维斯特在1992年发布。这套算法的程序在 RFC 1321 标准中被加以规范。如下,通过JS来实现MD5加密。

32769b6b1036062-132769b6b1036062

通过prototype实现MD5

String.prototype.MD5 = function(bit) {
    var sMessage = this;
    function RotateLeft(lValue, iShiftBits) { return (lValue << iShiftBits) | (lValue >>> (32 - iShiftBits)); }
    function AddUnsigned(lX, lY) {
        var lX4, lY4, lX8, lY8, lResult;
        lX8 = (lX & 0x80000000);
        lY8 = (lY & 0x80000000);
        lX4 = (lX & 0x40000000);
        lY4 = (lY & 0x40000000);
        lResult = (lX & 0x3FFFFFFF) + (lY & 0x3FFFFFFF);
        if (lX4 & lY4) return (lResult ^ 0x80000000 ^ lX8 ^ lY8);
        if (lX4 | lY4) {
            if (lResult & 0x40000000) return (lResult ^ 0xC0000000 ^ lX8 ^ lY8);
            else return (lResult ^ 0x40000000 ^ lX8 ^ lY8);
        } else return (lResult ^ lX8 ^ lY8);
    }

    function F(x, y, z) { return (x & y) | ((~x) & z); }
    function G(x, y, z) { return (x & z) | (y & (~z)); }
    function H(x, y, z) { return (x ^ y ^ z); }
    function I(x, y, z) { return (y ^ (x | (~z))); }
    function FF(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) {
        a = AddUnsigned(a, AddUnsigned(AddUnsigned(F(b, c, d), x), ac));
        return AddUnsigned(RotateLeft(a, s), b);
    }

    function GG(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) {
        a = AddUnsigned(a, AddUnsigned(AddUnsigned(G(b, c, d), x), ac));
        return AddUnsigned(RotateLeft(a, s), b);
    }

    function HH(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) {
        a = AddUnsigned(a, AddUnsigned(AddUnsigned(H(b, c, d), x), ac));
        return AddUnsigned(RotateLeft(a, s), b);
    }

    function II(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) {
        a = AddUnsigned(a, AddUnsigned(AddUnsigned(I(b, c, d), x), ac));
        return AddUnsigned(RotateLeft(a, s), b);
    }

    function ConvertToWordArray(sMessage) {
        var lWordCount;
        var lMessageLength = sMessage.length;
        var lNumberOfWords_temp1 = lMessageLength + 8;
        var lNumberOfWords_temp2 = (lNumberOfWords_temp1 - (lNumberOfWords_temp1 % 64)) / 64;
        var lNumberOfWords = (lNumberOfWords_temp2 + 1) * 16;
        var lWordArray = Array(lNumberOfWords - 1);
        var lBytePosition = 0;
        var lByteCount = 0;
        while (lByteCount < lMessageLength) {
            lWordCount = (lByteCount - (lByteCount % 4)) / 4;
            lBytePosition = (lByteCount % 4) * 8;
            lWordArray[lWordCount] = (lWordArray[lWordCount] | (sMessage.charCodeAt(lByteCount) << lBytePosition));
            lByteCount++;
        }

        lWordCount = (lByteCount - (lByteCount % 4)) / 4;
        lBytePosition = (lByteCount % 4) * 8;
        lWordArray[lWordCount] = lWordArray[lWordCount] | (0x80 << lBytePosition);
        lWordArray[lNumberOfWords - 2] = lMessageLength << 3;
        lWordArray[lNumberOfWords - 1] = lMessageLength >>> 29;
        return lWordArray;
    }

    function WordToHex(lValue) {
        var WordToHexValue = "",
            WordToHexValue_temp = "",
            lByte, lCount;
        for (lCount = 0; lCount <= 3; lCount++) {
            lByte = (lValue >>> (lCount * 8)) & 255;
            WordToHexValue_temp = "0" + lByte.toString(16);
            WordToHexValue = WordToHexValue + WordToHexValue_temp.substr(WordToHexValue_temp.length - 2, 2);
        }
        return WordToHexValue;
    }

    var x = Array();
    var k, AA, BB, CC, DD, a, b, c, d
    var S11 = 7,
        S12 = 12,
        S13 = 17,
        S14 = 22;

    var S21 = 5,
        S22 = 9,
        S23 = 14,
        S24 = 20;

    var S31 = 4,
        S32 = 11,
        S33 = 16,
        S34 = 23;

    var S41 = 6,
        S42 = 10,
        S43 = 15,
        S44 = 21;

    // Steps 1 and 2. Append padding bits and length and convert to words
    x = ConvertToWordArray(sMessage);
    // Step 3. Initialise
    a = 0x67452301;
    b = 0xEFCDAB89;
    c = 0x98BADCFE;
    d = 0x10325476;

    // Step 4. Process the message in 16-word blocks
    for (k = 0; k < x.length; k += 16) {
        AA = a;
        BB = b;
        CC = c;
        DD = d;
        a = FF(a, b, c, d, x[k + 0], S11, 0xD76AA478);
        d = FF(d, a, b, c, x[k + 1], S12, 0xE8C7B756);
        c = FF(c, d, a, b, x[k + 2], S13, 0x242070DB);
        b = FF(b, c, d, a, x[k + 3], S14, 0xC1BDCEEE);
        a = FF(a, b, c, d, x[k + 4], S11, 0xF57C0FAF);
        d = FF(d, a, b, c, x[k + 5], S12, 0x4787C62A);
        c = FF(c, d, a, b, x[k + 6], S13, 0xA8304613);
        b = FF(b, c, d, a, x[k + 7], S14, 0xFD469501);
        a = FF(a, b, c, d, x[k + 8], S11, 0x698098D8);
        d = FF(d, a, b, c, x[k + 9], S12, 0x8B44F7AF);
        c = FF(c, d, a, b, x[k + 10], S13, 0xFFFF5BB1);
        b = FF(b, c, d, a, x[k + 11], S14, 0x895CD7BE);
        a = FF(a, b, c, d, x[k + 12], S11, 0x6B901122);
        d = FF(d, a, b, c, x[k + 13], S12, 0xFD987193);
        c = FF(c, d, a, b, x[k + 14], S13, 0xA679438E);
        b = FF(b, c, d, a, x[k + 15], S14, 0x49B40821);
        a = GG(a, b, c, d, x[k + 1], S21, 0xF61E2562);
        d = GG(d, a, b, c, x[k + 6], S22, 0xC040B340);
        c = GG(c, d, a, b, x[k + 11], S23, 0x265E5A51);
        b = GG(b, c, d, a, x[k + 0], S24, 0xE9B6C7AA);
        a = GG(a, b, c, d, x[k + 5], S21, 0xD62F105D);
        d = GG(d, a, b, c, x[k + 10], S22, 0x2441453);
        c = GG(c, d, a, b, x[k + 15], S23, 0xD8A1E681);
        b = GG(b, c, d, a, x[k + 4], S24, 0xE7D3FBC8);
        a = GG(a, b, c, d, x[k + 9], S21, 0x21E1CDE6);
        d = GG(d, a, b, c, x[k + 14], S22, 0xC33707D6);
        c = GG(c, d, a, b, x[k + 3], S23, 0xF4D50D87);
        b = GG(b, c, d, a, x[k + 8], S24, 0x455A14ED);
        a = GG(a, b, c, d, x[k + 13], S21, 0xA9E3E905);
        d = GG(d, a, b, c, x[k + 2], S22, 0xFCEFA3F8);
        c = GG(c, d, a, b, x[k + 7], S23, 0x676F02D9);
        b = GG(b, c, d, a, x[k + 12], S24, 0x8D2A4C8A);
        a = HH(a, b, c, d, x[k + 5], S31, 0xFFFA3942);
        d = HH(d, a, b, c, x[k + 8], S32, 0x8771F681);
        c = HH(c, d, a, b, x[k + 11], S33, 0x6D9D6122);
        b = HH(b, c, d, a, x[k + 14], S34, 0xFDE5380C);
        a = HH(a, b, c, d, x[k + 1], S31, 0xA4BEEA44);
        d = HH(d, a, b, c, x[k + 4], S32, 0x4BDECFA9);
        c = HH(c, d, a, b, x[k + 7], S33, 0xF6BB4B60);
        b = HH(b, c, d, a, x[k + 10], S34, 0xBEBFBC70);
        a = HH(a, b, c, d, x[k + 13], S31, 0x289B7EC6);
        d = HH(d, a, b, c, x[k + 0], S32, 0xEAA127FA);
        c = HH(c, d, a, b, x[k + 3], S33, 0xD4EF3085);
        b = HH(b, c, d, a, x[k + 6], S34, 0x4881D05);
        a = HH(a, b, c, d, x[k + 9], S31, 0xD9D4D039);
        d = HH(d, a, b, c, x[k + 12], S32, 0xE6DB99E5);
        c = HH(c, d, a, b, x[k + 15], S33, 0x1FA27CF8);
        b = HH(b, c, d, a, x[k + 2], S34, 0xC4AC5665);
        a = II(a, b, c, d, x[k + 0], S41, 0xF4292244);
        d = II(d, a, b, c, x[k + 7], S42, 0x432AFF97);
        c = II(c, d, a, b, x[k + 14], S43, 0xAB9423A7);
        b = II(b, c, d, a, x[k + 5], S44, 0xFC93A039);
        a = II(a, b, c, d, x[k + 12], S41, 0x655B59C3);
        d = II(d, a, b, c, x[k + 3], S42, 0x8F0CCC92);
        c = II(c, d, a, b, x[k + 10], S43, 0xFFEFF47D);
        b = II(b, c, d, a, x[k + 1], S44, 0x85845DD1);
        a = II(a, b, c, d, x[k + 8], S41, 0x6FA87E4F);
        d = II(d, a, b, c, x[k + 15], S42, 0xFE2CE6E0);
        c = II(c, d, a, b, x[k + 6], S43, 0xA3014314);
        b = II(b, c, d, a, x[k + 13], S44, 0x4E0811A1);
        a = II(a, b, c, d, x[k + 4], S41, 0xF7537E82);
        d = II(d, a, b, c, x[k + 11], S42, 0xBD3AF235);
        c = II(c, d, a, b, x[k + 2], S43, 0x2AD7D2BB);
        b = II(b, c, d, a, x[k + 9], S44, 0xEB86D391);
        a = AddUnsigned(a, AA);
        b = AddUnsigned(b, BB);
        c = AddUnsigned(c, CC);
        d = AddUnsigned(d, DD);
    }

    if (bit == 32) {
        return WordToHex(a) + WordToHex(b) + WordToHex(c) + WordToHex(d);
    } else {
        return WordToHex(b) + WordToHex(c);
    }

}

使用JS调用

import '@/js/decoder.js';

function getMD5(str) {
    const md5_16 = str.MD5(); // 16位加密
    const md5_32 = str.MD5(32); //  32位加密方法
    $('#strForm').html(str);
    $('#md5_16_min').html(md5_16.toLowerCase());
    $('#md5_16_max').html(md5_16.toUpperCase());
    $('#md5_32_min').html(md5_32.toLowerCase());
    $('#md5_32_max').html(md5_32.toUpperCase());
}
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